From this Essay “Poverty in Bangladesh” we will learn What is poverty, Present condition of Poverty in Bangladesh
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Poverty is a state when a person lacks a certain amount of money or valuable goods necessary to lead a decent life. According to the United Nations, “poverty is a denial of choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity (মর্যাদা, সন্মান). It means a lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. It means not having enough to feed and clothe a family, not having a school or clinic to go to, not having the land on which to grow one’s food or a job to earn one’s living, not having access to credit. It means insecurity, powerlessness and exclusion of individuals, households and communities. It means susceptibility to violence, and it often implies living in marginal or fragile environments, without access to clean water or sanitation.” World Bank defines poverty as: “Poverty is pronounced deprivation in well-being, and comprises many dimensions. It includes low incomes and the inability to acquire the basic goods and services necessary for survival with dignity. Poverty also encompasses low levels of health and education, poor access to clean water and sanitation, inadequate physical security, lack of voice, and insufficient (অপর্যাপ্ত) capacity and opportunity to better one’s life.”
Absolute Poverty and Relative Poverty
Generally, poverty is measured as either absolute (চরম) or relative (আপেক্ষিক). Absolute poverty or destitution is a state when a person is unable to afford basic human needs such as clean and fresh water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. In the present world, about 1.7 billion people are estimated to live in absolute poverty. Relative poverty refers to the lacking of the usual or socially acceptable levels of resources or income as compared with other people living in a certain society or country. According to the World Bank, a man living on less than US $1.25 is in absolute poverty and one is in relative poverty when he lives on less than US $2.00.
Poverty in Bangladesh
Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world. It occupies 124th place (out of 169 countries) in the global ranking of GDP per capita by the World Bank’s World Development Indicators in the year 2011. Despite international assistance and relentless (বিরামহীন) effort (প্রচেষ্টা) by the Government, Bangladesh has been unable to eliminate extreme poverty and hunger. There is a huge disparity between the standards of living in urban and rural areas of the country. The urban areas, especially the capital Dhaka, and major industrial cities such as Chittagong, Khulna, and Rajshahi, enjoy a better quality of living, with electricity, gas, and clean water supplies. Still, even in the major cities, a significant proportion of Bangladeshis live without any utilities (নাগরিক সুযােগ-সুবিধা) or communication facilities. These Bangladeshis have limited access to good healthcare facilities or clean drinking water.
No progress is possible if we cannot ensure basic human rights such as food, clothing, shelter, education, medicine etc. and make our country free of poverty. Hence we should make an all-out effort for eradicating poverty from this country.