Bangladesh War of Independence | Essay Composition
The independence war of Bangladesh covers a large part of history. Bangladesh gained independence after a long and bloody war. Today we will learn about the Bangladesh War of Independence.
|Bangladesh War of Independence Essay Composition|
The war of independence is a glorious (গৌরবময়) period (সময়) in the history our country. The war was fought against the Pakistan army in 1971. Through this war Bangladesh emerged (অভ্যুদয় লাভ করে) as an independent (স্বাধীন) country. It was also a war of supreme sacrifice. About three million people died in this war. Most of them died in the genocide (গণহত্যা) carried out (পরিচিত) by the Pakistani army.
The boundaries of East Pakistan, which was later became Bangladesh, were determined (নির্ধারণ করে) by Sir Cyril Radcliffe, chairman of the Boundary Commission of the British regime (শাসন). The two parts of Pakistan- the East Pakistan and the West Pakistan were far away from each other. From the beginning, the link between the two parts of Pakistan was tenuous (হালকা). Their only common interest was fear of Indian domination (প্রভুত্ব). Jinnah and his advisers believed that unification (সংযুক্তি) might be achieved (অর্জন করা) through a common language, Urdu. The Bengalis perceived (ধারণ করা, অনুভব করে) this as a threat (হুমকি). The other major grievance (অসন্তোষ) of Bengalis was that their export products, jute and tea, provided most of Pakistan’s foreign exchange but the central government stimulated (উদ্দীপ্ত করা) development mainly in the West. The Bengalis began to feel that they had no real power in Pakistan. In 1956 Pakistan at last obtained a proper constitution (সংবিধান) in which both wings (অংশ) were equally represented (প্রতিনিধিত্বকৃত হয়েছিল). So far prime ministers had come and gone. Suhrawardy took office in September 1956 with a motley (বিভিন্ন শ্রেণীর) group of supporters. The government lasted only one year. In 1958, the army took over the government.
A different resistance was started by student militants, among whom Abdul Kader Siddiqi with his followers, known as Kader Bahini, acquired a reputation for ferocity (হিংস্রতা). Some 10 million Bengalis, mainly Hindus, fled over the frontier (সীমান্ত) into India. The Indian government watched the struggle (সংগ্রাম) with alarm. The United States and China, for different reasons, were committed to a united Pakistan; India and the Soviet Union wanted a Bangladesh dependent on India.
এই রকম আরও তথ্য পেতে আমাদের ফেসবুক পেজে লাইক দিয়ে যুক্ত থাকুন। এর পাশাপাশি গুগল নিউজে আমাদের ফলো করুন।