The Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SM) is such a man who is the guide to the liberation of humanity, the greatest great man in the world.
|Hazrat Muhammad (SM) | Essay|
Hazrat Muhammad (SM) Essay writing
Dear Student, today I'll discuss the essay about The Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SM).
also see in Bengali language মহানবী হযরত মুহাম্মদ (স.)
The Prophet of Islam Hazrat Muhammad (SM) has left the most significant influence in the history of mankind. He was the model of a great man. Muhammad (SM) united Arabia into a single Muslim polity, with the Quran, as well as his teachings and practices, forming the basis of Islamic religious belief.
Birth and Childhood
He was born in a traditional and aristocratic family in 570 A. D. His father died before his birth. It was the tradition of then aristocratic Arab families to get their babies lactated by foster mothers. Hence Hazrat Muhammad (SM.) was also lactated by a foster mother named Halima.
He lost his mother when he was only six years old. Then he was raised by his grandfather Abdul Muttalib. His grandfather also died when he was only eight years old. Then his uncle Abu Talib took the responsibility of raising him. He did not get an opportunity to get a formal education and was illiterate.
The little boy kept himself busy herding sheep in the field and doing housework. His school was the open sky and the desert landscape and mountains where he worked. Abu Taleb brought the Prophet (Sm) on a business trip to Syria when he was twelve years old. The Prophet began his business career at the age of twenty, as was his family's norm. From a very early age, everybody liked him for his honesty, truthfulness and praiseworthy behavior.
At the age of 25 Hazrat Muhammad (SM) married a wealthy widow of Mecca name Khadijah who is said to have been about 40 years old. The marriage resulted in two (or three) sons, Qasim and Tahir (Tahir was also called Abdullah) and four daughters [Zaynab (R), Ruqayya (R), Umme Kulthum (R), and Fatima (R)]. Khadija (R) was the mother of all of the Prophet's children except his third son Ibrahim (R), who was born to Maria Kibtia. However, all the male children died in their childhood. The Prophet did not remarry till Khadija's (R) death at the age of sixty-five.
Prophetic call and early religious activity
At the age of 40, in about 610 A.D. He first received revelation from the Almighty Allah and attained prophethood. He began to preach the religion of Islam, at first secretly and later openly, He, along with his followers, went through a lot of opposition, torture and trouble. As the intensity of opposition began to increase, at one point in 622 A.D. he had to leave Mecca and emigrate to Medina.
The Islamic Era (AH or Anno Hegirae) begins on the first day of the Arabic year in which the hijrah or immigration took place on July 16, 622, in the Western calendar. He united the clans of Medinah and established a welfare state there. His followers began to increase. There he had to defend Medinah against some wars propagated by the Meccans.
Conquer of Mecca
In January 630 he led a force of 10,000 soldiers and attacked Mecca. Abu Sufyan and other leading Meccans went out to meet him and formally submitted and Muhammad (SM) promised a general amnesty (1475 ). When he entered Mecca there was virtually no resistance. Two Muslims and 28 of the enemy were killed. A score of persons was specifically excluded from the amnesty, but some were later pardoned. Thus Muhammad (SM), who had left Mecca as a persecuted prophet, not merely entered it again in triumph but also gained the allegiance of most of the Meccans. Though he did not insist on their becoming Muslims, many people of Mecca Soon embraced Islam.
At thousand of his farewell Address on the plain of Arafat was revealed the last wahi. 'This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion (5:3)
Muhammad (SM) became ill a few months after his farewell pilgrimage, suffering from fever, headaches, and weakness for several days. He died at the age of 62 or 63 in the residence of his wife Aisha in Medina on Monday, June 8, 632. Muhammad was laid to rest in Aisha's home, where he had died.
The Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SM) character was a marvelous blend of all the virtues that a man can have. He was a loving husband, a devoted father, a reliable friend, and merciful even towards those who had been his most relentless enemy. His self-confidence, resolute character, and far-sightedness are unique qualities that make him stand out even among Prophets. Not only Muslims but innumerable non-Muslim men of letters such as Michael Hart, Alfred De Lamartine, John William Draper, and George Bernard Shaw, have acknowledged Prophet Muhammad (Sm) as the greatest of all sages and the most successful person the world has ever seen.
Some Striking Points of Hazrat Mohammad (SM.)
- He possessed the most beautiful character. He was adored by his companions for his honesty, truthfulness, trustworthiness, veracity, courage, steadfastness, resoluteness and sacrifice. He was called “Al Amin” by the people of his locality at his early age.
- He was the most successful leader in the history of mankind. He has influenced millions of people of this world to the highest extent.
- He was the most successful warrior. His success in the wars during his lifetime was legendary.
- He was also very beautiful physically.
- He was a consummate orator. He normally was very sweet-tongued.
- Neatness and cleanliness were inherent in his and using fragrance was his normal habit.
- In dress, he was always simple. No one found any difference in his dress when he was the head of the state from what he wore as one of the orphans and the destitute
- He had very good manners and behaviour. He was cordial while talking to all types of people high or low and even children. Men of all ranks got proper treatment from him.
- When he talked to others, his voice was always clear. When he instructed people he said nothing irrelevant. His words on each different topic were fully spelt out, articulated and separately described.
- He always put on a smile and greeted companions with a smile whenever he met them.
Muhammad's (SM) chief significance is as the founder of a state and of a religion. In his lifetime he created a federation of Arab tribes, which, in less than 20 years after his death, defeated the Byzantine and Persian empires, occupied a vast territory from Libya to Persia, and then developed into the Islamic Empire. He made the religion of Islam the basis of Arab unity. Now billions of people follow the religion of Islam and can lead a peaceful and content life.